Tim Ittner is a Ph.D. student and Paul F. Lazarsfeld Fellow in the Department of Sociology at Columbia University. He graduated from Brown University, magna cum laude, in 2018 with an Sc.B. in Social Analysis & Research. His primary research interests include community/urban sociology, rural poverty, and the criminal justice system. He is currently working on a project that examines geographic variation in carceral responses to America's opioid epidemic and is contributing to Professor Bruce Western's Rikers Island Longitudinal Study, a mixed methods study of justice-involved individuals in New York City.